Medical waste is any kind of waste that contains infectious material that has the potential of causing illness. This definition includes waste generated by healthcare facilities like hospitals, clinics, maternity homes, nursing homes, medical laboratories, and other diagnostics centers.
Medical waste can contain body fluids like blood, nasal secretion, vomitus or other contaminants generated during a medical procedure, testing, diagnosis, immunization, or treatment of human beings. Some examples are culture dishes, glassware, bandages, gloves, discarded sharps like needles or scalpels, swabs, and tissue.
The term “medical waste” can cover a wide variety of different byproducts of the healthcare industry. The broadest definition can include office paper and hospital sweeping waste. The list below displays the most common waste categories
To minimize the risk of infection; All registered health facilities are to ensure:
The practice of appropriate medical waste management should include adequate medical waste segregation with the use of swing or pedal dustbins lined with appropriate black, yellow, red liners (bags) and safety box for sharps at the point of generation. These are further illustrated below:
Separate the waste by type: Waste should be separated out into the different categories, including sharps, pharmaceutical, chemical, pathological, and non-hazardous.
Final point of collection: Waste collected in various colour coded containers or bags, awaiting final disposal by LAWMA should be appropriately stored at a designated final collection point, adequately protected or screened from rodents and